i am going to explain this word in two parties first one is buy and second word is shares so let us start with the first one is purchase product,bond,stock,furniture,equity,cash etc...for example you to hold any stock in company Y what you have to do? so you will need to ask purchasing price let us talk that you need 2000 units of 2.00 per what the amount you will spend on this transaction? you will take 2000*2 = $4000 that you will make purchase your stock second one is unit match to money of what you want in your investment for example you need money of increase your capital what you must to do? first you do not need a loan so you will publish value of your money on market because of that amount so let us talk that you want $4000000 you will give value and then every one will hold this he or she will be shareholder buy shares is taking company's stock and then be yours means if you wanna bee stockholder you will need to take value of stock on market
Ideally, you buy shares stock or currencies at its lowest price and sell at its highest.
Practically speaking, you do the best you can between these unpredictable extremes.
For, as you will see, the low does not become apparent until your stock begins to rise above it, the high is not established until your stock begins to drop away.
Although all of us could wish it otherwise, no bells, no flashing lights, no 21-gun salutes ever mark the bottom or the top.
Timing your stock transactions, therefore, is perhaps the most delicate element of investment, the decision requiring the keenest judgment and the surest touch. Experience helps, although success is not necessarily proportional to it. men who have been buying and selling for 30 or 40 years, sometimes seem to have a sixth sense about turning points, up or down, for individual stocks, or industrial groups, or the market as a whole.
On what seems to be no discernible evidence, they will mutter, "Well, I think the market's going to fall out of bed," and, sure enough, within a week there is a 9 or 10 point reaction. Yet newcomers may also acquire this skill with surprising speed.
Since judgment is a subjective quality, there are no firm rules for applying it. But there are many that can begin to define objectives and delimit areas of choice. And there are a number of techniques which attempt, more or less successfully, to better the results obtained from trying to calculate timing arbitrarily.
Another way of looking at the ideal objective is to reverse it: try to avoid selling at the low or buying at the top. This may seem to be superfluous advice, but both have happened many times when emotion entered heavily into judgment. Buying near or at the top is a temptation when a stock has been rising swiftly and steadily and the investor is eager to get aboard. The top, after all, is only relative.
New tops may be within reach which will make the current one seem a reasonable buying level. Selling near or at a low is tempting when a stock has slid downward and the holder has become disenchanted with it. The impulse is to sell out, take the loss, avoid further trouble, and be well rid of the dog.
The correctness of these decisions cannot be judged in the abstract. They depend, first, on your objectives (See Chapter 3) and on how closely or satisfactorily you have realized them. And they depend on your analysis of the many dimensions of highness and lowness involved.
Buying for income is relatively easy. The indicated dividend divided by the current price will give the yield in percentage terms. If the yield suits you, and investigation suggests that it is likely to be maintained, the price is right, whether it is in the high, middle, or low range for the year.
The problem of the buyer-for-income in recent years, of course, has been the fact that a rising market has reduced yields to some very uninspiring levels. The yield of 10 big oils in the first quarter of 1959 was 3 per cent. For five chemicals it was 2.24 per cent. For seven steels it was 3.85 per cent. Only the better railroads were around 5 per cent, as a group.
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